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$15.18- How To Trace Your Native American Heritage

 

 

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Native American Genealogy

This section Deals With General and specific Ways to Search your family History, Most Of the informational sources here are free, with the exception of the "researchers for hire" you will find information on searching the dawes rolls and links to the actual  database, you will also find links to professional researchers who specialize in native American genealogy The links Below will give you much to ponder, as i find more free informational sources I will add them.

The Complete Beginner's Guide to Genealogy, the Internet, and Your Genealogy Computer Program

Tribal Enrollment Information

Cherokee Rolls Quick Search "Eastern Band" this is a search of the 1924 Baker Roll, just because you don't find your family on this one roll doesn't mean your not Cherokee! this is for the East Band only, there are 3 Cherokee Federally Recognized Bands, if you don't find your family here use the "National Archives" link below

(1)   The Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, headquartered in Tahlequa, OK;
(2)   The Eastern Band Cherokee Indians of North Carolina, headquartered in Cherokee, NC.
(3)   The United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians, headquartered in Tahlequa, OK;

Native American Records at the National Archives

Tracing Ancestors Among the Five Civilized Tribes by Rachal Mills Lennon
Buy used from: $18.15

120 Books on Native American Genealogy

Cherokee Roots

Indian Tribes of North America

Genealogy Sources

General Information on Native American Research in the National Archives

the Dawes Rolls - Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory

Indian Ancestry - Enrollment in a Federally Recognized Tribe - US Department of the Interior
AccessGenealogy - Indian Tribes of the United States A listing by state of the tribes that lived and visited
AncestralFindings - genealogical search of Birth, Death, Marriage, Census, Ancestry, Family Trees
The Bureau of Indian Affairs US Department of the Interior
Family Search - is a huge genealogy database By the L.D.S Church
Native American Genealogy - Collection of how-to articles focusing on tracing Native American ancestors
RootsWeb - the Internet's oldest and largest FREE genealogical community
The USGenWeb Project - Free Genealogy and Family History Online
DVD - How To Trace Your Native American Heritage
Blood Quantum requirements For Enrollment in Native American Tribes
Some other Genealogy Links and Resources
Search Our Tribal Rolls and Family Names Project
 

the Dawes Rolls

Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory

What's Available in this section

What's not Available

Lists of people accepted between 1898 and 1914 by the Dawes Commission as members of these five Indian tribes: Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole Information about any tribes other than the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole.
Steps on how to search for someone in the Dawes Rolls online Many descriptions from the census cards, and the majority of census card images.
Ideas for further steps you can take in your Native American research Information about applying for tribal membership. (See links provided on

Step 1: Introduction

bullet

Why Search the Dawes Rolls?

bullet

About the Dawes Rolls

bullet

Before You Start

Step 2: Check to see if the person's Census Card is described online

Step 3: Use the Index to the Final Rolls online

Step 4: Look up the Person in the Final Rolls online

Step 5 If You Don't Know the Persons Tribe

Step 6: What You Can Do Next?

Independent Researchers for Hire - Researchers Specializing in Native American Records
 

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Step 1: Introduction

Why Search the Dawes Rolls?

The Dawes Rolls, also known as the "Final Rolls", are the lists of individuals who were accepted as eligible for tribal membership in the "Five Civilized Tribes": Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminoles. (It does not include those whose applications were stricken, rejected or judged as doubtful.) Those found eligible for the Final Rolls were entitled to an allotment of land, usually as a homestead.

The Rolls contain more than 101,000 names from 1898-1914 (primarily from 1899-1906). They can be searched to discover the enrollee's name, sex, blood degree, and census card number. The census card may provide additional genealogical information, and may also contain references to earlier rolls, such as the 1880 Cherokee census. A census card was generally accompanied by an "application jacket". The jackets then sometimes contain valuable supporting documentation, such as birth and death affidavits, marriage licenses, and correspondence.

Today these five tribes continue to use the Dawes Rolls as the basis for determining tribal membership. They usually require applicants to provide proof of descent from a person who is listed on these rolls. (
Contact the tribes directly for enrollment information).

Before You Start

Before you can effectively use the online index to find a person in the Final Rolls, you need to know:

bulletYour ancestor's name
bulletThe name of the person's tribe

If you know the individual's name and their tribe:
Proceed to
Step 2: Check to see if the person's Census Card is described online.

 

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If you do not know the person's tribe:

you can look for clues in the 1900 Census:

bulletFor those Indians living in predominantly Indian areas, there were special Indian schedules in the 1900 Census identifying one's tribe and parent's tribes. For those Indians living among the general population, only one's color or race was designated, such as Indian or white, etc.
Note: For the 1900 Census, start with the
Soundex Index. You may first want to read background on the Soundex indexing system.

 
bulletIf your ancestor's tribe is not identified in the 1900 Census, once you find where your ancestor was living, you can consult books such as The Indian Tribes of North America, by John R. Swanton, for information on the tribes living in each state. Other good sources are A Guide to the Indian Tribes of Oklahoma, by Muriel H. Wright, and The Indians of Texas, by W.W. Newcomb, Jr., for tribes in those areas. Read more.

 
bulletOnline copies of the 1900 Census are available through the subscription-based Ancestry.com (unlimited free access to AncestryPlus from all NARA facilities). Limited parts of the 1900 Census have been transcribed by volunteers and are online on the USGenWeb website.
The NARA website does not have census records online, but we do have
census catalogs online, so you can find microfilm roll numbers that you can then rent, purchase, or find in a NARA facility or local library.

Next Step

If you know the individual's name, and he or she belonged to one of these tribes: Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, or Seminoles, you can now proceed to
Step 2: Check to see if the person's Census Card is described online.

 

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Native American Records

Introduction and Links to Resources

bulletIntroduction
bulletLinks to Resources
bullet General information about Native American records at NARA
bullet Specific Native American Topics

Introduction

The National Archives holds information about American Indians who maintained their ties to Federally-recognized Tribes (1830-1970). Most records are arranged by tribe. Read more.

Helpful information to know before searching these records:

bulletName of the person
bulletName of the person's federally-recognized tribe
bulletApproximately when the person lived
bulletWhat state or territory the person lived in

The original administrative records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) headquarters are in the National Archives, Washington, D.C. NARA's regional facilities hold records created by the BIA field offices and Indian schools. NARA's regional facility in Ft. Worth holds many of the records relating to the Five Civilized Tribes.

Links to Resources

General Information on Native American Research in the National Archives

bullet Tutorial: Using the Dawes Rolls Online for ordering reproductions of Eastern Cherokee application records, 1906-1909

 
bullet Wantabes and Outalucks: Searching for Indian Ancestors in Federal Records, article by Kent Carter

 
bullet Microfilm Rolls pertaining to Native Americans available at the National Archives Southwest Region, Fort Worth

 
bullet Records Available for Studying Native Americans in NARA's Pacific Sierra Region (San Francisco), reference information paper

 
bullet Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

 
bullet Indian Bounty Land Applications, an article from Prologue magazine.

 
bullet Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940, microfilm rolls list.

 
bullet Pictures of Native Americans, a list with links to 194 images held by NARA.

 

Specific Native American Topics

bullet Tutorial: Using the Dawes Rolls Online for ordering reproductions of Eastern Cherokee application records, 1906-1909

 
bulletUse Order Online! for ordering reproductions of Eastern Cherokee application records, 1906-1909

 
bullet Select Native American Records Online, through the Archival Research Catalog (ARC)

 
bulletDawes Commission: 64,177 applications submitted between 1898 and 1914 for enrollment in the Five Civilized Tribes (Note: Includes Cherokee, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole applications only. There is no description in ARC relating to the fifth tribe - Choctaw.)
bullet Search Hint on using the Archival Research Catalog (ARC)


 

bullet Dawes Commission and the Enrollment of the Creeks, an article from Prologue

 
bulletFinal Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory.
bullet Search Hint on using the Archival Research Catalog (ARC)


 

bulletIndex to the Final Rolls of Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory (Dawes)
bullet Index to the Final Rolls (Dawes) onlineNew!
bullet Search Hint on using the Archival Research Catalog (ARC)


 

bulletIndex to Applications Submitted for the Eastern Cherokee Roll of 1909 (Guion-Miller Roll)
bullet Guion-Miller Roll Index onlineNew!
bullet Search Hint on using the Archival Research Catalog (ARC)


 

bulletKern-Clifton Roll of Cherokee Freedmen, January 16, 1867
bullet Search Hint on using the Archival Research Catalog (ARC)


 

bullet Maps of Indian Territory, the Dawes Act, and Will Rogers' Enrollment Case File: Teaching With Documents Lesson Plan

 
bullet Name Index to Pipestone Indian School Student Files, 1910 – 1954, in NARA's Kansas City facility. (Record Group 75), Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs
bulletFinding aids for records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs located in NARA's Great Lakes Region (Chicago, IL)

 
bullet Bad River Agency Records, Odanah, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet Carter-Laona Subagencies, Carter and Laona, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet Chippewa Commission, Minnesota (RG 75)

 
bullet Consolidated Chippewa Agency, Cass Lake, Minnesota (RG 75)

 
bullet Grand Rapids Agency, Wisconsin Rapids (formerly Grand Rapids), Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet Great Lakes Agency, Ashland, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet Great Lakes Consolidated Agency, Ashland, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet Green Bay Agency Records, Keshena, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet Hayward Indian School, Hayward, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet Keshena/Menominee Agency Records, Keshena, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet La Pointe Agency, La Pointe, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet Lac du Flambeau Agency, Lac du Flambeau, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet Leech Lake Agency, Cass Lake, Minnesota (RG 75)

 
bullet Mackinac Agency, Mackinac, Michigan (RG 75)

 
bullet Menominee Indian Mills Records, Keshena, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet Michigan Agency, Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan (RG 75)

 
bullet Mt. Pleasant Indian School and Agency Student Case Files, 1893-1946 (RG 75)

 
bullet Mt. Pleasant Indian School and Agency, Mt. Pleasant, Michigan (RG 75)

 
bullet Nett Lake Agency, Nett Lake, Minnesota (RG 75)

 
bullet Oneida School and Agency, Oneida, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet Red Cliff Agency, Bayfield, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet Tama Agency (Sac and Fox), Tama, Iowa (RG 75)

 
bullet Tomah Agency, Tomah, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet Tomah CCC-ID Units, Tomah, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet Tomah Hospital, Tomah, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet Tomah Indian Industrial School, Tomah, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet White Earth Agency, White Earth, Minnesota (RG 75)

 
bullet Wittenberg Indian School, Wittenberg, Wisconsin (RG 75)

 
bullet Protecting Alaska's Native Population-With Federal Records, article from The Record, 1995.

 
bullet Memorandum Regarding the Enlistment of Navajo Indians, Teaching With Documents Lesson Plan

 
bulletWallace Roll of Cherokee Freedmen in Indian Territory, 1890
bullet Search Hint on using the Archival Research Catalog (ARC)


 

bullet1896 Citizenship Applications: 9,618 applications received by the Dawes Commission
bullet Search Hint on using the Archival Research Catalog (ARC)


 

bullet How to Research in the Dawes Rolls Online

bullet Native American Resources and Genealogies in the Archives Library Information Center, National Archives Building, Washington, DC

 
bullet Links to other Native American related web sites

 

 
Independent Researchers for Hire

Researchers Specializing in Native American Records

Chris Baker
Post Office Box 497, 20834 Seminole Road
Indian Hills, CO 80454-0497
Telephone: (303) 806-5457
Email:
schrisbaker@earthlink.net
Contact Person: Chris Baker

Karen Olszeski
674 Chicago Drive
Howell, MI 48843
Phone: 517-546-1557
http://genealogypro.com/kolszeski.html
Email: klapko@comcast.net

 

Data Dae Research
2824 Ironwood Drive
Grand Prairie, TX 75052-4218
Telephone: (972) 660-2345
Email:
DaePowell@aol.com
Contact Person: David Powell

Janet Davis
404 Lincoln Avenue, Post Office Box 653
Poteau, OK 74953-4963
Telephone: (918) 647-7471
Email:
janetdavis@clnk.com
Contact Person: Janet Davis

Documents Archaeology, Incorporated
Research Office, 5029 Country Club Drive
High Ridge, MO 63049-3509
Telephone: (314) 486-8406
Fax: (636) 376-4336
Email:
documents@brick.net
Contact Person: Douglas R. Givens, Ph.D.

Draco International Investigations
999 Bookcliff Avenue, Apartment N 5
Grand Junction, CO 81501-8156
Telephone: (970) 242-4240
Email:
mailto:kcOnmp@gvii.net
Contact Person: Vernon L. Estes, Chief Investigator/CEO

Monica M. Drake
1209 S West Street
Arlington, TX 76010-2540
Telephone: (817) 226-4377
Email:
infinitymax@sbcglobal.net
Contact Person: Monica M. Drake

Helen Weiss Productions
Post Office Box 21264
Washington, DC 20009-0764
Telephone: (202) 255-0380
Email:
hwprod2004@aol.com
Contact Person: Helen Weiss
 

Heritage Research Center, Ltd.
Post Office Box 9316
Missoula, MT 59807-9316
Telephone: (406) 721-1913
Fax: (406) 721-4220
Email:
heritage@montana.com
Contact Person: Gary D. Williams

Historical Research Associates, Inc.
Post Office Box 7086, 125 Bank Street Fifth Floor
Missoula, MT 59806-7086
Telephone: (406) 721-1958
Fax: (406) 721-1964
Email:
gallach@hrassoc.com
Contact Person: Daniel Gallacher, Senior Associate Historian

Morgan, Angel, and Associates
1601 Connecticut Avenue NW Suite 600
Washington, DC 20009-1049
Telephone: (202) 265-1833
Fax: (202) 265-8022
Email:
mike@morganangel.com
Contact Person: Michael Lawson

Nicklason Research Associates (VK)
5 Cleveland Avenue
Takoma Park, MD 20912-4123
Telephone: (301) 588-0456
Fax: (301) 588-0456
Email:
vickillian@prodigy.net
Contact Person: Vicki Killian

Nicklason Research Associates (ML)
2217 N Harrison Street
Arlington, VA 22205-3147
Telephone: (703) 536-5180
Fax: (703) 536-5180
Email:
nicklasonres1@msn.com
Contact Person: Mark Leutbecker

Pearl Information Services
110 Park Street
Portland, ME 04101-3825
Telephone: (207) 775-5889
Email:
Pearl@Maine.rr.com
Contact Person: JoAn Street

PSW Research
1869 Laurel Avenue
St. Paul, MN 55104-5938
Telephone: (651) 503-4803
Email:
PSWResearch@comcast.net
Contact Person: Paula Stuart Warren, CGRS

Ruby Research
1311 Euclid Street NW 1
Washington, DC 20009-4849
Telephone: (202) 518-4187
Email:
info@rubyresearch.com
Contact Person: Morgan Davis

 

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Blood Quantum Requirements for Enrollment is Native American tribes
 

Tribal Enrollment

Click the Tribe Name it will take you to information about Tribal enrollment where enrollment forms are available you will be able to download then on that page

Tribe

BLOOD QUANTUM REQUIRED FOR MEMBERSHIP

Absentee Shawnee 1/4 degree Absentee Shawnee blood
Apache 1/8 degree total Indian blood
Blackfeet 1/4th Minimum Blood Quantum
Caddo 1/8 degree Caddo blood
Cherokee of Oklahoma Any degree-Descendent of tribal member
Cherokee of North Carolina must possess at least 1/16th degree of Eastern Cherokee blood
Cherokee-Shawnee Any degree-Descendent of tribal member
Cheyenne-Arapaho 1/4 degree with at least 1 enrolled parent
Chickasaw Any degree-Descendent of a tribal member
Choctaw of MS 1/2 Mississippi Choctaw
Choctaw of Okla. Any degree-Descendent of a tribal member
Citizen Potawatomi Nation Any degree-Descendent of a tribal member
Comanche 1/4 degree Comanche blood
Creek Any degree-Descendent of tribal member
Delaware Tribe of Eastern Oklahoma Any-degree-Descendent of tribal member
Delaware Tribe of Western Oklahoma 1/8 degree Absentee Delaware blood
Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma Any degree-Descendant of tribal member
Ft. Sill Apache 1/16 degree Ft. Sill Apache blood
Iowa Tribe of Kansas & Nebraska Any degree-Descendent of tribal member
Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma 1/4 degree Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma blood
Kialegee Tribal Town 1/4 degree Kialegee Tribe of Oklahoma
Kickapoo of Missouri 1/4 degree Kickapoo of Missouri blood
Kickapoo of Oklahoma 1/4 degree Kickapoo of Oklahoma blood
Kiowa 1/4 degree Kiowa blood
Kaw Any degree-Descendant of tribal member
Miami Any degree-Descendant of tribal member
Modoc Any degree-Descendant of tribal member
Navajo 1/4 degree Navajo blood
Osage Any degree-Descendant of tribal member
Otoe-Missouria 1/4 degree Otoe-Missouria blood
Ottawa Any degree-Descendant of tribal member
Ottawa Any degree-Descendant of tribal member
Pawnee 1/4 degree Pawnee blood
Peoria Any degree-Descendant of tribal member
Ponca 1/4 degree Indian blood and a parent must be enrolled
Prairie Band Potawtomi 1/4 degree Prairie Band Potawtomi blood
Quapaw 1/4 degree Quapaw Tribe of Oklahoma
Sac & Fox Tribe of Missouri 1/8 degree Indian blood born to member of tribe
Sac & Fox Tribe of Oklahoma 1/4 degree Sac & Fox of Oklahoma
Seminole Any degree-Descendant of tribal member
Seneca-Cayuga Any degree-Descendant of tribal member
Sioux 1/4 degree Sioux Blood
Tonkawa Tribe 1/4 degree Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma
Wichita 1/8 degree Wichita or Affiliated Tribes
Wyandotte Any degree-Descendant of tribal member
United Keetowah Band of Cherokees 1/4 degree United Keetowah of Oklahoma
 
If you would like ot make corrections or additions to this list please Contact Us

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